John R. Weeks, Hugh S. Isaacs (auth.), Mars G. Fontana,'s Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology PDF

By John R. Weeks, Hugh S. Isaacs (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger W. Staehle (eds.)

ISBN-10: 146158258X

ISBN-13: 9781461582588

ISBN-10: 1461582601

ISBN-13: 9781461582601

This sequence was once prepared to supply a discussion board for overview papers within the zone of corrosion. the purpose of those reports is to carry convinced parts of corrosion technology and expertise right into a sharp concentration. The volumes of this sequence are released nearly on a every year foundation and every comprises 3 to 5 studies. The articles in each one quantity are sekcted in this type of means as to be of curiosity either to the corrosion scientists and the corrosion technologists. there's, actually, a selected objective in juxtaposing those pursuits as a result significance of mutual interplay and interdisciplinarity so very important in corrosion stories. it's was hoping that the corrosion scientists during this method may possibly remain abreast of the actions in corrosion know-how and vice versa. during this sequence the time period "corrosion" is utilized in its very broadest experience. It contains, for this reason, not just the degradation of metals in aqueous en­ vironment but in addition what's ordinarily known as "high-temperature oxidation. " extra, the plan is to be much more normal than those subject matters; the sequence will comprise all solids and all environments. this day, engineering solids contain not just metals yet glasses, ionic solids, polymeric solids, and composites of those. Environments of curiosity needs to be prolonged to liquid metals, a large choice of gases, nonaqueous electrolytes, and different non­ aqueous liquids.

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_ - _ . . . . . . . . . . . . _ -. . . • • • u ! : - = :I) ___ .... _ C ~ UJ 0:: 1000 ~ 1200 a. C 01 I ,i ( --... a. ______________________ -.. •.... '........ 'i UJ D.. -200 I- ~-100 Uj '" u '"~z: ffi 4 I- D.. 0 0 John R. Weeks and Hugh S. 0 1: o :g..... 0 '" E . =80 t- D ;;= TYJ T, "C 720 710 ~2~~6~~IO~~14~-±18~~~±-~2~6-L~~~~~~700 DISTANCE •INCHES Fig. 19. 4 ppm oxygen. " tions of Cr and Ni with L/ D in this isothermal region. During this same rlln the corrosion rate decreased by a factor of",-, 2i in going from L/D = 200 to L/D = 600.

51 Brehm et al. 54 have observed the precipitation behavior of the constituents of an irradiated stainless steel specimen, Bogers et al. 44 have described similar results, and Romano and Klamut42 have shown effects of precipitation nucleators on the corrosion rate, DSE, and solute concentration in Na in a stainless steel system. The following is a discussion of their work. It is generally observed that Cr is the first constituent of the stainless steel to precipitate as the Na is cooled. 44 ,45,54 Figure II also shows the precipitation results of Roy and Gebhardt.

Ii 1ll 9 a _25Ppmo \. 1 L-~------~-----7'-----~-------' Fig. 21. Comparison of corrosion rates of stainless steels versus reciprocal temperature. References: Thorley and Tyzack,16 Romano and KIamut,42 GE equation, .... 7 Roy and Gebhardt. 4s The writers have not been able to locate steady-state corrosion data that permit us to examine the experimental evidence for possible variations in the temperature dependence of corrosion as a function of either velocity or DSE. Presumably, there should be pronounced effects of both variables, since at low velocities (in the velocity-dependent region), the corrosion rate is likely to be controlled by reactions occurring in the liquid rather than at the solid-liquid interface as is the case in the velocity-independent region, and since composition of the corroding surface varies with downstream 34 John R.

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Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology by John R. Weeks, Hugh S. Isaacs (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger W. Staehle (eds.)

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