By Khin Wee Lai, Yan Chai Hum, Maheza Irna Mohamad Salim, Sang-Bing Ong, Nugraha Priya Utama, Yin Mon Myint, Norliza Mohd Noor, Eko Supriyanto
This publication offers the newest findings and data in complicated diagnostics expertise, protecting a large spectrum together with mind job research, breast and lung melanoma detection, echocardiography, computing device aided skeletal evaluation to mitochondrial biology imaging on the mobile point. The authors explored magneto acoustic techniques and tissue elasticity imaging for the aim of breast melanoma detection. views in fetal echocardiography from a picture processing attitude are incorporated. Diagnostic imaging within the box of mitochondrial ailments in addition to using Computer-Aided procedure (CAD) also are mentioned within the booklet. This booklet may be helpful for college students, teachers or specialist researchers within the box of biomedical sciences and photograph processing.
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IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelec Freq Control 37:45–53 Chapter 2 Review on Segmentation of Computer-Aided Skeletal Maturity Assessment Yan Chai Hum, Khin Wee Lai, Nugraha Priya Utama, Maheza Irna Mohamad Salim and Yin Mon Myint Abstract Bone age assessment (BAA) is an examination of ossification development with the purpose of deducing the skeletal age of children to monitor their skeletal development and predict their future adult height. Conventionally, it is performed by comparing left-hand radiographs to standard atlas by visual inspection; this process is subjective and time-consuming; therefore, the automated inspection system to overcome the drawbacks is established.
There are three main classes of deformable model: active contour model, active shape model, and AAM. Deformable models assemble the mathematical knowledge from physics in limiting the shape flexibility over the space, geometry in shape representation, and optimization theory in model-object fitting. These mathematical foundations work together by playing their roles to establish the deformable model. For instance, the geometric representation with certain degree of freedoms is to cover broader shape changes; the principle in physics, in accordance with forces and constraints, controls the changes of shape to permit only meaningful geometric flexibility; optimization theory adjusts the shape to fulfill the objective function constituted by external energy and internal energy; the external energy is associated with the deformation of model to fit the targeted object due to external potential energy, whereas the internal energy constrains the smoothness of the constructed model in terms of internal elasticity forces.
As mentioned in previous chapter, one of the natures of X-ray hand bone radiograph is its uneven illumination throughout the image as well as its overlapping range of intensity distribution among soft tissue region, trabecular bone, and cortical bone due to the nature of hand bone and uneven background illumination as well. The reasons for the inferior quality of segmented hand bone by thresholding can be summarized as follows: 1. Assumption that the whole targeted object (which is the hand bone in our case without soft tissue region) contains similar intensity range.
Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology by Khin Wee Lai, Yan Chai Hum, Maheza Irna Mohamad Salim, Sang-Bing Ong, Nugraha Priya Utama, Yin Mon Myint, Norliza Mohd Noor, Eko Supriyanto