Download e-book for iPad: Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship by Thomas D Boston

By Thomas D Boston

ISBN-10: 0415095948

ISBN-13: 9780415095945

This quantity isolates the reason for carrying on with disparities not just among blacks and whites, yet among blacks in addition. Key components mentioned comprise the present nation of the economic system the impression of public rules, the patience of city poverty, fiscal possibilities, alterations in relations and social constitution and equivalent possibilities. the town of Atlanta is used as a case research concentrating on the emergence of the recent black entrepreneur, with facts on black companies drawn from files of virtually a thousand black owned companies.

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Extra info for Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship

Sample text

No matter how costly, virtually all studies have been subjected to legal challenges. As far back as March 1991, just two years after the Croson Decision, of slightly over 200 programs nationally, sixty-six had been challenged legally; thirty-three had been voluntarily terminated; and sixty-five were under reevaluation. S. Department of Defense canceled a key provision of its minority preference program. S. Supreme Court decision in the case of Adarand v. Pena. In announcing the cancellation of its “rule of two” program, the Defense Department eliminated a provision that was previously used to set aside defense contracts exclusively for minority firms.

In reality, the Croson requirement has become practically impossible to meet and as a result federal, state and local set-aside programs are being dismantled. The difficulty in meeting the standard resides in the fact that the kind of evidence required has not been clarified. It seems odd for the Supreme Court to impose the strict scrutiny standard in the Croson Decision and not take the opportunity in the subsequent Adarand Decision to clarify its specific evidentiary requirements. It is understood that the burden of proof rests with the agency operating a race-conscious program.

Today all affirmative action policies to assist minority firms are under review. Conceivably, all could suffer the same fate as the “rule of two” program. The Defense Department’s minority procurement program is the largest of all federal departments, accounting for 58 percent of the total of federal procurement from minority firms. The Department of Transportation has the next most significant program. 8 billion in procurement, grants and contracts to minorities. It is no accident that the Defense Department’s minority business program was the first to be canceled and the Department of Transportation’s was challenged in the Adarand case.

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Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship by Thomas D Boston


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