ARAB-MUSLIM CIVILIZATION IN THE MIRROR OF THE UNIVERSAL: - download pdf or read online

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ISBN-10: 9231041800

ISBN-13: 9789231041808

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Additional info for ARAB-MUSLIM CIVILIZATION IN THE MIRROR OF THE UNIVERSAL: PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES

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To illustrate WKH TXHVWLRQ WKH\ XVHG WKH PHWDSKRUV RI ¿UH ZRRG lamp and oil. Indeed instinctive reason is an instrument and acquired reason is a subject matter. 16 7KH OLJKWV RI UHDVRQ ZKLFK DUH EHLQJ LOOXVWUDWHG KHUH WKURXJK WKH PHWDSKRUV RI WKH ¿UH DQG WKH ODPS DUH WKH UHVXOW RI HGXFDWLRQ DFWLQJ RQ D UDZ PDWHULDO ZKLFK $UDE PRUDOLVWV FDOOHG µLQQDWH RU LQVWLQFWLYH UHDVRQ¶ al-aql al-gharizi  (YHQ WKRXJK WKDW LQQDWH LQWHOOLJHQFH LV LQVXI¿FLHQW WR ULVH XS WR WKH KLJKHVW VWDJH RI KXPDQLW\ LW WXUQV RXW WR EH QHFHVVDU\ IRU DFTXLULQJ NQRZOHGJH DQG SUDLVHZRUWK\ TXDOLWLHV 7KXV D GLDOHFWLF GHYHORSV KHUH EHWZHHQ UHDVRQ DQG HGXFDWLRQ WKH IRUPHU EHLQJ WKH FRQGLWLRQ IRU WKH ODWWHU DQG WKH ODWWHU WKH WRRO WKDQNV WR ZKLFK WKH IRUPHU FDQ DFKLHYH SHUIHFWLRQ DQG SDVV IURP WKH VWDJH RI LQVWUXPHQW WR WKDW RI PDWWHU 7KH VDPH PHWDSKRU RI WKH OLJKW LV XVHG LQ Kalila and Dimma in ZKLFK ,EQ DO0XTDIID VD\V WKDW adab LV VLPLODU WR GD\OLJKW DV LW JLYHV HYHU\RQH SRVVHVVLQJ WKH VHQVH RI YLVLRQ WKH DELOLW\ WR VHH HYHQ EHWWHU EXW KDV FRQWUDU\ HIIHFWV RQ EDWV DV LW PDNHV WKHLU VLJKW HYHQ PRUH GHIHFWLYH 7KDW PHWDSKRU UHLQIRUFHV WKH LGHD WKDW adab QHHGV UHDVRQ WR IXO¿O LWV WDVN DQG LI PDQ LV GHSULYHG RI LQWHOOLJHQFH ± DV LV WKH FDVH ZLWK WKH IRRO ± KH FDQQRW WDNH DGYDQWDJH RI HGXFDWLRQ17 7KH OLJKWV RI UHDVRQ DUH QRW WKH IUXLW RI WKH SULPDU\ LQVWUXPHQW ZKLFK LV ZKDW SRWHQWLDOO\ DOORZV PDQ WR EH GLIIHUHQW IURP DQ DQLPDO EXW ZKLFK ZLWKRXW HGXFDWLRQ FDQ UHPDLQ LQHIIHFWLYH DQG WXUQ PDQ LQWR DQ DQLPDO 6RFDOOHG DFTXLUHG UHDVRQ aql muktasab LV VKRZQ WKHUHIRUH WR EH WKH UHVXOW RI LQVWLQFWLYH UHDVRQ DOWKRXJK WKH UHVXOW LV QHYHU WRWDOO\ DFKLHYHG ,WV FRQWHQW DOWKRXJK DV DO0DZDUGL VDLG LW FDQ EH LQFUHDVHG RU GLPLQLVKHG GHSHQGV RQ WZR IDFWRUV KH DQDO\VHG DW OHQJWK RQ WKH RQH KDQG H[SHULHQFH ZKLFK HQFRXUDJHV D IUHTXHQW XVH RI UHDVRQ DQG FKDUDFWHUL]HV WKH FDUHIXO PDQ ± phronimos ± DQG RQ WKH RWKHU KDQG WKH RWKHU LQWHOOHFWXDO IDFXOWLHV VXFK DV LQWHOOLJHQFH ± dhaka ± LQWXLWLRQ ± jawdat al-hads ± VDJDFLW\ ± DO¿WQD ± DQG TXLFNQHVV RI PLQG ± surat al-khatir ± ZKLFK HQDEOH WKH LQGLYLGXDO WR VWUHQJWKHQ KLV DFTXLUHG UHDVRQ E\ VXSSRUWLQJ LQVWLQFWLYH UHDVRQ18 7KLV GLDOHFWLF RI UHDVRQ DQG HGXFDWLRQ KDV EHHQ SHUIHFWO\ GHVFULEHG E\ 6DOLK LEQ -DQDK WKURXJK PHWDSKRUV UHIHUULQJ WR SROLWLFV DQG FUDIWVPDQVKLS “Let me tell you that reason is a prince and education a minister.

6XJJHVWHG WHDFKLQJ PHWKRG FULWLFDO DQDO\VLV The group is split up into three-person teams. One or more questions are chosen. Each team drafts a joint answer to the chosen questions. One after another, each team reads out its answers to the entire group. Each team collectively selects three answers that it wishes to criticize, and drafts its criticism. The criticisms are read out to the entire group. Each team prepares its answers to the criticisms received. The answers are read out. If possible, begin again with other questions.

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ARAB-MUSLIM CIVILIZATION IN THE MIRROR OF THE UNIVERSAL: PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES by UNESCO publication


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